Georgii Anatolyevian Zelma (Uzbeki, 1906-1984)
A pioneer of modern documentary photography, Georgi Zelma was born in Tashkent, in 1906. He began photographing with a 13 x 18 centimeter-sized-negative camera and later used the Leica for his documentary work, which continually centered on modernization and the cultural transformations of Central Asia during the twenties and thirties. Zelma also photographed themes commissioned by Alexander Rodchenko and his wife, designer Varvara Stepanova, for various publications. He also documented one of the turning points of the Second World War at Stalingrad, which inspired the theme for the American film Enemy at the Gate, in 2001.
Chudakov, Grigory. Pioneers of Soviet Photography. London and New York: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1983.
Tausk, Peter. Geschichte der Fotografie im 20. Jahrhundert (Photography in the 20th Century). Cologne, 1977.
Cilenken, Boris. Georgi Zelma, Izbrannye Fotografie (Selected Photographs). Moscow: Planeta, 1978.