Andy Warhol (American, 1931-1987)
Andy Warhol, who was born in Pittsburgh, took his first photographs with a Kodak brownie camera in 1936. While bedridden with a "nervous breakdown" as a child, he collected photos and autographs of movie stars and became immersed in comic strips. Warhol majored in pictorial design at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. He moved to New York in 1949, worked as a magazine illustrator, and had his first one-man show in 1952. Photographic processes and screen printing dominated his "pop art" work of the 1960s, including his Campbell Soup cans and portraits of Marilyn Monroe. He formed the "Factory" in 1963 and made 16mm films.
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. Greenwich, Conn: New York Graphic Society, 1970.
McShine, Kynaston. Andy Warhol: A Retrospective. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989.
Ratcliff, Carter. Andy Warhol. New York: Abbeville Press, 1983.